Adam Smith recognized division of labour as a factor and an indicator of economic growth. Division of labour led to higher labour productivity and was supported by expansion of the markets, urbanization, trade and transportation development and capital infusion. The theory is known as Smithian Growth Theory and was identified as being behind the transition to growth in modern Europe. Could Smithian Growth be present in the economic history of the medieval Islamic Middle East? The datasets provide quantitative evidence on division of labour in the agricultural, manufacturing and service sectors in the Islamic city classified using the methodology of occupational classification in sectors of employment.
Note: There are several worksheets in the spreadsheet for medieval Islamic occupations. The first worksheet contains the sources which are referenced throughout the worksheets. The remaining worksheets represent the different economic sectors. You can move between worksheets by clicking on the sheet tabs on the bottom of the spreadsheet window.